A healthy lawn and garden makes a home more attractive and is also environmentally beneficial. Healthy lawns and gardens, coupled with native trees and shrubs, can help prevent erosion and runoff. However, lawns can also be a source of pollution if proper lawn-care techniques are not followed.
- Perform soil tests to determine the amount of nutrients necessary for your healthy lawn. You may be applying more fertilizer than is necessary. Contact your local cooperative extension for more information and test kits.
- Apply fertilizers according to directions and only as needed.
- Don’t give your lawn a crew cut. Lawns should be 2-4 inches high. Cutting too short or too frequently weakens grass and fosters weed growth. Leave grass clippings on the lawn to serve as a natural fertilizer or compost them.
- Consult your local nursery for advice on selecting native plants suited for the site characteristics. Use mulch to reduce weed growth and evaporation.
- Do not overwater your lawn or garden. Excessive watering can cause chemicals to leach into groundwater and can make plants more prone to disease.